This is an open label multi-center superiority randomized controlled trial, aimed to investigate the effect of Letrozole as maintenance therapy on the prognosis of post-operative endometrial cancer patients with non-specific molecular profile.
The molecular classification of non-specific molecular profile (NSMP) is the most common type of endometrial cancer. Reducing the recurrence rate and improving the survival rate in patients with NSMP can effectively improve the overall prognosis of endometrial cancer.
NSMP endometrial cancers are featured as high sensitivity to hormones, which could be a potential target to improve the prognosis. Antiestrogenic therapy might be an effective treatment to improve the prognosis of NSMP endometrial cancer with high risk of recurrence and metastasis.
Letrozole, an oral non-steroidal aromatase inhibitor, might have positive impact on those patients as maintenance therapy after first-line postoperative adjuvant treatments. The current standardized treatment for intermediate-high risk endometrial cancer patients after chemotherapy and radiotherapy includes none but observation alone. However, with little adverse effects, low cost and easy availability, the practice of letrozole in hormonally-responsive breast cancer after surgery added to evidence to have an improvement in the prognosis in intermediate-high risk endometrial cancer. Thus, it is necessary to carry out a randomized trial to investigate the role of letrozole as maintenance therapy after postoperative adjuvant treatment in the prognosis of intermediate-high risk endometrial cancer.
This study were approved by the Ethics Committees of Obstetrics and Gynecology Hospital of Fudan University and all other institutes. Before initiation of study procedures, written informed consent will be obtained from each patient regarding risks of treatments and agreement of using their clinical data for research purpose.
This is a multicentered, open-label, randomized clinical trial. Randomization will be carried out in each center. A computer-based procedure of simple randomization (SPSS for Mac, version 22.0; IBM ) will be used for participant enrollment and randomization. Before an individual is successfully enrolled, her treatment assignment will remain concealed. This trial will be open label: patients and study physicians were aware of treatment assignment.
Patients will be stratified into 3 groups by operative staging (FIGO 2009), pre- and post- operative imaging assessment and residual tumor condition after surgery: stage I/II without early postoperative residues, stage III/IV without late postoperative residues and patients with postoperative residues. Eligible patients in each stratification of each center will be randomly assigned (1:1) to receive:
Arm 1. Letrozole 0.5mg qd po for 2 years after postoperative adjuvant therapy, or Arm 2. Observation alone without any other therapy after postoperative adjuvant therapy.
A definitive surgery should be performed after the latest NCCN guidelines, including a hysterectomy with/without bilateral salpingo-oophorectomy plus sentinel node biopsy or pelvic lymph node sampling with para-aortic lymph node sampling.
All the patients must meet the criteria to have postoperative adjuvant treatments, excluding patients with low prognostic risk: stage IA endometrioid + low-grade* +lymphovascular space invasion (LVSI) negative or focal, or those requiring no adjuvant therapy after surgery. Postoperative adjuvant treatments are carried out following the latest NCCN or ESGO guidelines according to doctors' choice.
Molecular classification must be performed and proved be to non-specific molecular profile (NSMP) according to diagnostic algorithm for the integrated histomolecular endometrial carcinoma classification (WHO classification of tumors, 5th edition, female genital tumours).
Statistical analyses On the basis of data from previous studies (Molecular Classification of PORTEC-3 Trial；GOG-249；GOG-99), the 3-year PFS is expected to be 80% in the observation group. Letrozole as maintenance therapy would improve 3-year PFS to 90%, which is considered as superior to observation alone. An accrual of 299 patients in 3 years will provide the study with adequate power (90%) to detect a clinically relevant absolute difference of 10% in 3-year PFS (90% vs 80%) between both groups (one-sided test, a=0.05), with a lost follow up rate ≤10%. Analyses will be done firstly by intention to treat.